The Results of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Landscaping

The Anglo-Saxon way of life was dramatically changed by the appearance of the Normans in the later eleventh century. At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons in building design and cultivation. a-224__88482.jpg But yet there was no time for home life, domestic architecture, and decoration until the Normans had overcome the whole realm. Monasteries and castles served different functions, so while monasteries were enormous stone structures assembled in only the most fruitful, wide dales, castles were set upon blustery knolls where the occupants focused on understanding offensive and defensive techniques. The serene method of gardening was not viable in these bleak bastions. Berkeley Castle is probably the most complete model in existence today of the early Anglo-Norman form of architecture. The keep is said to date from William the Conqueror's time. A big terrace recommended for strolling and as a means to stop enemies from mining below the walls runs about the building. On 1 of these terraces sits a charming bowling green: it's coated in grass and flanked by an old yew hedge that is created into the shape of rough ramparts.

The Understated Appeal of the Wall Fountain

Make a fantastic impression on your loved ones by including a wall fountain in your interior design. The dazzling splendor a wall water feature lends to any area is in addition to the gentle background sounds it produces. Guests will walk away with a memorable impression of the appealing sights and comforting sounds eminating from it.

Even a living space with a modern design can be improved with a wall fountain. Also available in modern-day materials such as stainless steel or glass, they can add flair to your interior design. Is space limited in your house or business?

The best choice for you is a wall water fountain. You can save your precious space by putting one on a wall. These sorts of fountains are particularly prevalent in bustling office buildings. Wall fountains are not limited to interior use, however. Think about using fiberglass or resin for your outside wall water feature. Back yards, porches, or other outdoor spaces needing a stylish touch should include a water fountain made of one of these weather-proof materials.

Wall fountains come in a bunch of differing styles covering the modern to the traditional and rustic. Your decorating plans determine the most appropriate kind for your needs. The kind of material used depends on the type of environment which needs to be decorated such as slate for a traditional lodge or sleek glass for a contemporary residence. You can choose the material most suitable to your needs. Fountains are features which no doubt impress those who visit your home.

Contemporary Sculpture in Old Greece

Although many sculptors were paid by the temples to decorate the sophisticated columns and archways with renderings of the gods, as the time period came to a close, it became more common for sculptors to portray ordinary people as well because many of Greeks had started to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred. Portraiture, which would be recognized by the Romans upon their annexation of Greek society became customary as well, and wealthy family members would at times commission a rendering of their forebears to be situated in immense familial tombs.

It is wrong to think that the arts had one purpose during The Classical Greek period, a time period of creative advancement during which the usage of sculpture and various other art forms evolved. Whether to fulfill a visual yearning or to celebrate the figures of religion, Greek sculpture was an inventive method in the ancient world, which may well be what attracts our attention today.

A Concise History of Water Features

As initially conceived, water fountains were crafted to be practical, guiding water from creeks or aqueducts to the residents of towns and villages, where the water could be utilized for cooking, washing, and drinking. To make water flow through a fountain until the later part of the 1800’s, and generate a jet of water, demanded the force of gravity and a water source such as a creek or lake, positioned higher than the fountain. The elegance and spectacle of fountains make them perfect for historical monuments. If you saw the first fountains, you probably would not identify them as fountains. The first known water fountain was a rock basin carved that was used as a container for drinking water and ceremonial functions. Natural stone basins are believed to have been 1st used around the year 2000 BC. The spraying of water emerging from small spouts was pressured by gravity, the only power source builders had in those days. The placement of the fountains was influenced by the water source, which is why you’ll commonly find them along aqueducts, canals, or rivers. The people of Rome began creating decorative fountains in 6 B.C., most of which were bronze or stone masks of animals and mythological representations. A well-designed collection of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public fountains supplied with fresh water.

Outdoor Fountains And Obesity

Berkley, CA people voted for a sugar-sweetened beverages tax in February 2014, the earliest of its kind in the United States. The taxation is believed to reduce sugary drink consumption and boost the consumption of healthier beverages, like water from fountains. First, the city conducted an analysis to examine whether citizens had proper access to functioning drinking water fountains. Using information collected by a mobile GPS app, experts were able to determine the state of existing water fountains in Berkley. Demographic data on race and income was then assembled using the US Census database.

The 2 data sets were reviewed to determine what class variances, if any, there were in access to functioning water fountains. Each water fountain and the demographics of its nearby area were studied to reveal whether the site of the fountains or their standard of maintenance demonstrated any connection to income, race, or other factors. While the greater part of the fountains were in working order, an alarming quantity were revealed to be in a bad state of repairs.


Did You Know How Mechanical Designs of Fountains Became Known?
Instrumental to the advancement of scientific technology were the published letters and illustrated publications of the time. They were also the primary means of transferring useful... read more