The Dispersion of Water Fountain Design Knowledge

Instrumental to the advancement of scientific technology were the published papers and illustrated publications of the day. They were also the principal means of transmitting useful hydraulic facts and fountain design ideas all through Europe. An un-named French water fountain engineer was an internationally celebrated hydraulic leader in the late 1500's. wwlhs_cv_2__02237.jpg By designing landscapes and grottoes with integrated and ingenious water features, he started off his profession in Italy by earning imperial commissions in Brussels, London and Germany. He wrote a publication named “The Principles of Moving Forces” toward the end of his life while in France which turned into the fundamental book on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. The publication updated important hydraulic advancements since classical antiquity as well as explaining contemporary hydraulic technologies. Archimedes, the inventor of the water screw, had his work highlighted and these integrated a mechanical means to move water. Two undetectable vessels warmed by sunlight in a room next to the ornamental water feature were presented in an illustration. What occurs is the hot liquid expanded, rises and closes up the piping heading to the water feature, consequently leading to stimulation. Pumps, water wheels, water attributes and garden pond designs are documented in the book.

Agrippa's Amazing, but Mostly Forgotten Water-Lifting Technology

Although the device developed by Agrippa for carrying water gained the esteem of Andrea Bacci in 1588, it appeared to disappear not very long after. Only years afterward, in 1592, the earliest modern Roman conduit, the Acqua Felice, was attached to the Medici’s villa, possibly making the unit obsolete. Although it’s more likely that it was essentially tossed when Ferdinando renounced his cardinalship and moved back to Florence, securing his place as the Grand Duke of Tuscany, just after the demise of his sibling, Francesco di Medici, in 1588. There may have been some other spectacular water-related works in Renaissance gardens in the late sixteenth century, including fountains that played music, water caprices (or giochi d’acqua) and also scenographic water demonstrations, but nothing were motorized by water which defied gravity.

A Wall Water Feature to Match Your Decor

Having a wall fountain in your garden or on a terrace is ideal when you wish to relax. You can have one made to suit your requirements even if you have a small amount of space.

A spout, a water basin, internal piping, and a pump are vital for freestanding as well as mounted styles. There are many different varieties available on the market including traditional, contemporary, classical, or Asian.

With its basin laid on the ground, freestanding wall fountains, or floor fountains, are typically quite big in size.

On the other hand, a fountain attached to a wall can be added onto an existing wall or fit into a new wall. A unified look can be achieved with this type of fountain because it seems to become part of the landscape rather than an added element.

Where did Landscape Fountains Begin?

The incredible architecture of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to complement your home.

From the onset, outdoor fountains were simply meant to serve as functional elements. Residents of urban areas, townships and small towns used them as a source of drinking water and a place to wash up, which meant that fountains needed to be linked to nearby aqueduct or spring.

Up until the 19th century, fountains had to be higher and closer to a water supply, such as aqueducts and reservoirs, in order to benefit from gravity which fed the fountains. Fountains were an optimal source of water, and also served to decorate living areas and memorialize the designer. The main components used by the Romans to build their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly depicting animals or heroes. Throughout the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden planners included fountains to create smaller variations of the gardens of paradise. King Louis XIV of France wanted to demonstrate his dominion over nature by including fountains in the Gardens of Versailles. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries created baroque decorative fountains to glorify the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the location where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.

Indoor plumbing became the main source of water by the end of the 19th century thereby limiting urban fountains to mere decorative elements. Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity enabled fountains to provide recycled water into living spaces as well as create special water effects.

These days, fountains adorn public areas and are used to pay tribute to individuals or events and fill recreational and entertainment needs.

Decorative Garden Fountains And Their Use In The Minoan Civilization

During archaeological excavations on the island of Crete, a variety of types of conduits have been discovered. In conjunction with supplying water, they dispersed water that accumulated from deluges or waste material. The primary ingredients used were stone or clay. There were terracotta conduits, both round and rectangular as well as waterways made from the same components. The cone-like and U-shaped clay conduits which were uncovered have not been found in any other civilization. Terracotta pipes were put down below the floor surfaces at Knossos Palace and used to move water. The terracotta water lines were furthermore used for amassing and storing water. Thus, these pipes had to be able to: Underground Water Transportation: At first this system seems to have been created not quite for convenience but to give water for certain individuals or rituals without it being observed.

Quality Water Transportation: Some scholars consider that these conduits were used to develop a different distribution system for the residence.