Creators of the First Outdoor Fountains

Multi-talented people, fountain designers from the 16th to the late 18th century frequently functioned as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one person. Exemplifying the Renaissance skilled artist as a imaginative genius, Leonardo da Vinci performed as an innovator and scientific guru. b-165__87334.jpg He systematically annotated his findings in his now famed notebooks about his research into the forces of nature and the qualities and motion of water. Transforming private villa configurations into amazing water displays packed with symbolic significance and natural beauty, early Italian water fountain engineers coupled imagination with hydraulic and horticultural expertise. Known for his incredible skill in archeology, design and garden design, Pirro Ligorio, the humanist, offered the vision behind the splendors in Tivoli. Masterminding the extraordinary water marbles, water features and water jokes for the numerous estates near Florence, some other fountain builders were well versed in humanistic themes and ancient technical texts.

Your Patio: The Perfect Place for a Garden Fountain

You can improve your outdoor space by including a wall fountain or an outdoor garden water feature to your yard or gardening project. Any number of present-day designers and fountain craftsmen have found ideas in the fountains and water features of the past. As such, integrating one of these to your home design is a superb way to connect it to the past. Among the many properties of these beautiful garden water features is the water and moisture they discharge into the air which attracts birds and other wild life as well as helps to balance the ecosystem. Birds enticed by a fountain or bird bath often scare away irksome flying pests, for instance.

Wall fountains are a good option if your yard is small because they do not require much space as compared to a spouting or cascading fountain. There are two types of fountains to pick from including the freestanding model with a flat back and an attached basin set up against a fence or a wall in your yard, or the wall-mounted, self-contained variety which is hung directly on a wall. Adding a fountain to an existing wall requires that you include a fountain mask as well as a basin at the bottom to collect the water. The plumbing and masonry work necessary for this kind of work requires training, so it is best to employ a skilled person rather than do it yourself.

The First Public Water Features

Villages and communities relied on functional water fountains to conduct water for cooking, bathing, and cleaning up from local sources like ponds, streams, or creeks. To generate water flow through a fountain until the end of the 1800’s, and generate a jet of water, required gravity and a water source such as a spring or reservoir, positioned higher than the fountain. Fountains spanning history have been created as memorials, impressing hometown citizens and tourists alike. The common fountains of today bear little similarity to the first water fountains. The 1st recognized water fountain was a stone basin created that was used as a receptacle for drinking water and ceremonial functions.

2000 BC is when the oldest known stone fountain basins were actually used. The force of gravity was the energy source that controlled the oldest water fountains. Drinking water was delivered by public fountains, long before fountains became decorative public monuments, as pretty as they are functional. Fountains with elaborate decoration began to show up in Rome in approximately 6 BC, normally gods and creatures, made with stone or copper-base alloy. Water for the open fountains of Rome arrived to the city via a intricate system of water aqueducts.

A Back Story of Water Fountains

The Roman academic Pope Nicholas V (1397-1455) took the initiative to have hundreds of ancient Greek books translated into Latin. Continuing in his quest to make the city deserving of being called the capital of the Christian world, he resolved to embellish the beauty of the city as well. Beginning in 1453, he called for the restoration of the Acqua Vergine, a ruined Roman aqueduct which had transported fresh drinking water into the city from eight miles away. The mostra, a monumental dedicatory fountain built by ancient Romans to mark the point of arrival of an aqueduct, was a custom also restored by Nicholas V. The architect Leon Battista Alberti was instructed by him to put up a wall fountain where we now find the breath-taking Trevi Fountain. The aqueduct he had refurbished included changes and extensions which eventually enabled it to supply the necessary water to the Trevi Fountain as well as the famed baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and the Piazza Navona.

The Influence of the Norman Invasion on Anglo Saxon Gardens

Anglo-Saxons experienced great modifications to their daily lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons in building design and cultivation. But before concentrating on home-life or having the occasion to contemplate domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire population. Castles were more standard constructions and often built on blustery hills, where their people spent both time and space to practicing offense and defense, while monasteries were major stone buildings, regularly positioned in the widest, most fruitful hollows. Relaxing pursuits such as gardening were out of place in these desolate citadels. Berkeley Castle, perhaps the most pristine model of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture, still exists today. The keep is reported to have been developed during the time of William the Conqueror. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an impediment to attackers attempting to excavate under the castle walls. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an ancient yew hedge trimmed into the figure of crude battlements.


Outdoor Wall Fountains: The Many Designs on the Market
Custom-built fountains which can be incorporated into a new or existing wall are often recommended by landscaping designers. A professional mason is required to place the... read more